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华裔候选人辩论观察:“华人参政”有多远?

2015年04月03日 18:55我有话说(40人参与) 来源:英中时报

当一些观众质疑华裔候选人们在BBC的辩论不切实的时候,我们可以看到,在还剩30多天的选战里,这些多来自华人二代的候选人,他们想赢,想得到更多选票,心切至把每一次跟公众的见面,都当成了对选民的游说和演讲,以至于面对以华人参政为主要议题的讨论,他们依然在讲述自己的党派做了什么,将要做什么。

很自然地,他们在参选MP或长或短时间的准备里,预备了一些以不变应万变的套话。他们要在几百几千次与居民的对话中,快速抛出政纲奥义。“套话”闻久令人反感,不难理解。

但通过这场辩论,我们需要知道两个现实:

第一,“华人参政”究竟离我们的实际生活有多远?

这要看你说的“华人”究竟指什么人,还要看你问的是谁。

目前英国65万华侨华人中,70%来自香港。他们大多已经加入英国国籍,反映在大选这件事上,就是他们有投票权。而近十年来,华人结构的最大变化,是来自中国大陆新移民的增多。但这种增多,更多地体现在人们的感受上,越来越多讲普通话的学生乌泱乌泱地出没在伦敦等大中城市,圣诞节礼日那几天英国奢侈品店的中国面孔,还有那些泰晤士河岸的看房团。

尽管新移民以迅雷不及掩耳的速度让老一辈移民也觉得“中国有钱人来了”,尽管他们可以通过读书、工作、投资等方式留在英国,可现实是,他们还太新,以至于还来不及大面积地拥有投票权。你以为英国都加入亚投行了,中国影响力日隆,英国就要给机会给华人在下议院发声了,那是一种误解。

如果我们取狭义的理解,“华人参政”当下最突出的动作,便是参加今年国会下议院议员竞选的话,认为只要有华人当选,华人的利益就能得到最大化,是一种误解。华人MP将首先代表所在选区选民说话;其次是其党派;再次是代表其所处行业;再再次,才可能是“华人”这个文化和少数族裔上的身份。而前三者的层面,是作为一个英国公民推动国家政治进程的层面,只是这些公民有着东方或混血面孔而已,“华人性”是需要弱化而不是强化的。

这一点上,2010年MP参选人李泽文的参选纲领有一句表达是,“缩减华人对英国经济所做的贡献和政治的利益不平衡的鸿沟”,私以为,这是华人参政在“华人性”层面很准确的表述。

第二,华人在英国参政议政的水平,何时、如何才能有全面的提升?

这又必将是一个复杂又缓慢演进的过程。

几乎是所有既有的华文媒体报道中,都提到保守党MP候选人Alan Mak当选几率最高,因为他被安排到保守党的安全选区——汉普郡的Havant。

也许大家还记得5年前,媒体几乎是欣喜地报道了当年的英国大选,有8位华裔候选人参选国会议员,参选人数和宣讲“华人参政”的规模,都达到了历史性的突破。尽管选举结束后一句“全部败北”作了总结,但大概并不是很多人知道,8位华人都不在优势选区参选,却赢得了比上届更多的选票。这无疑给他们各自所在政党赢得了极为深刻的印象。这也为今年本届选举,一些政党开始将华裔参选人投放到安全选区奠定了基础。

前人栽树,后人乘凉。在华人参政这个问题上,每一届人的努力,都不会是无用功。

(作者:特约评论员 微言)
标签:华人,社区,政治,选举
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