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首页 > 留学 > 大学 > 政府妥协:极端分子可在大学发表演讲

政府妥协:极端分子可在大学发表演讲

2015年07月27日 07:04我有话说(3人参与) 来源:《卫报》

据卫报消息,政府目前与大学达成妥协,极端分子将能够在大学校园内进行演讲,只要在演讲的同时,有与其持针锋相对的意见者与其同台竞争。

新的法律规则旨在预防教职员工和学生被拖入恐怖主义,它不再需要演讲者预先提供一套详细的演讲稿用于审查,但是,学院将能够坚持,不通过合适的程序,“高危”会议将不会被批准。

新的官方规则阐明,如果举行的会议有鼓吹恐怖主义的危险,且该危险无法得到有效缓解,那么这样的会议就应当被取缔。

官方规则还明确,大学教职员工应当对学生中的种族主义倾向有所觉察,像改变外表或日常行为这样的事情,也应当及时上报给有关部门。

一个右翼智库,Henry Jackson Society,声称本周有超过100个校园活动正在展开,其发言者持极端观点,或自身与极端主义组织有历史性关联。该智库对极端分子的定义是,那些认为西方正在针对伊斯兰展开战争的演讲者;支持恐怖主义个人袭击行为的演讲者;或表达对非信众或少数族群的零容忍态度的演讲者。

同时,由李斯特(Ruth Lister)教授领头,由超过40家学院签署的一份公开信则提出警告,认为现行战略,即旨在预防伊斯兰极端分子和右翼势力的做法,对公共辩论、自由演讲和政治异议,起到了不良的效果。

旨在管理学校内极端主义演讲者的长期斗争,在卡梅伦和梅周一就下一步反恐战略的详细讨论中告一段落。不过,政府将继续赋予Ofcom更多权力,来防止极端分子的观点大肆流行。

高等教育机构新的法律职责是,他们应该澄清自己愿意服从现行大学英国指南,该指南要求对可能参会的极端主义演讲者进行危险评估和背景调查。指南允许院校在有争议的会议开展之前,自行决定告示内容。

新的指南补充道,“在决定一名特殊的演讲者是否应当出场时,高等教育机构应该仔细考虑其演讲是否表达了诱使人们变成恐怖主义者,或分享恐怖主义理念的观念。若情形恶化,活动应该终止,除非高等教育机构有十足的把握,即便不取消活动,也能将这样的危险彻底控制,并予以稀释。这意味着,极端分子的演讲,需要受到持不同意见方的同台挑战。”

(作者:)
标签:极端分子,大学,演讲
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